Wednesday, June 26, 2019

1st Pawalgarh Titli Utsav, 24th to 27th Oct 2019


Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve, Nainital District, Uttarakhand


Pawalgarh is 20 km from Ramnagar, 45 km from Haldwani. Pawalgarh is 256 km from Delhi and 258 km from Dehradun.

24th Oct (Thursday) to 27th Oct 2019 (Sunday)


Start: First trail will begin at 0800 hrs on 24th Oct 2019
End: Last trail will end at 530 pm on 27th Oct 2019


Uttarakhand with 65% forest area is home to some terrific biodiversity. With more than 500 species of butterflies, and innumerable moth species, it is a haven for butterfly and moth watchers. Titli Trust, with support from local communities and the Uttarakhand Forest Department, plans to hold annual butterfly and moth festivals in the state. It is intended to have two “Titli Utsavs” every year at different locations, pre- and post-monsoon, based on suitability of the location. The first of these festivals was held at Devalsari from 31st May to 3rd June 2018; the second of these festivals was held at Devalsari from 9th to 12th May 2019 and this, the third in the series is being held between 24th and 27th Oct 2019 at Pawalgarh.


The primary purpose of the Titli Utsavs is to promote lesser-known destinations in Uttarakhand, ensure benefits to local communities through community ecotourism and to support the conservation of butterflies and moth through citizen science.

About Pawalgarh Prakrati Prahari:

Pawalgarh Prakrati Prahari (PPP) is a registered non-profit society established at Ramnagar in 2016 that works on uniting communities, livelihoods and conservation. It runs conservation and livelihood programs in the Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve landscape. Its livelihood programs include trained nature guides, community and individual homestays in villages in the landscape. More about Pawalgarh Prakrati Prahari at

About Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve:

The home of the Bachelor of Pawalgarh The “Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve” (PCR), located in the hill state of Uttarakhand, derives its name from the village Pawalgarh, situated in the foothills of Nainital District. Pawalgarh, home to some marvelous forests, became famous after the publication of the story “Bachelor of Powalgarh” in the book “Maneaters of Kumaon” published by the legendary hunter-turned-conservationist, Jim Corbett, in 1944. Nicknamed the “Bachelor of Powalgarh” the tiger was the largest ever hunted by Jim Corbett, and took over a decade to hunt. It was finally shot in 1930.

Lush green forests of the Himalayan foothills adorn Pawalgarh with the River Kosi to the west and River Dabka in the eastern part of the Reserve. The Khichdi River bisects the Reserve from north to south, and flows into the Dabka River. The Siwalik ranges bound the northern side and the southern area is bounded by the villages of Pawalgarh, Mankanthpur, Kyari, Bailparao, Gaibua & Chhoi lying on Ramnagar-Haldwani highway. These have agrarian populations, which are more or less heavily dependent upon the forest resources leading to the degradation of forest habitat. If properly managed, the Reserve can fulfill the forest-based needs of the local people as well as providing alternative livelihood opportunities. PCR is a very strategic part of the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) and Siwalik Elephant Corridor flanked by Corbett National Park on the west and Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary on the east.

Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve: Facts and Figures

Area: 58.25 sq. km. Altitude: 300 to 700 msl Average annual rainfall: 1,500 mm
Min-Max Temperature: 2° C to 43° C
Habitat: Lying mostly in the Bhabhar belt, Pawalgarh has primary and secondary growth of tropical forest in riverine and low altitude montane terrain.
Best time to visit for birds: October to March
Best time to visit for butterflies: April to June, September to November

What is special in Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve?

137 species of trees, 58 species of shrubs and 27 species of climbers, 52 species of herbs and 71 species of grasses & bamboos. 32 species of mammals - tiger, elephant, leopard, leopard cat, serow and ghoral are just some of the mammals seen here. 365 species of birds - Ibisbill, Great Slaty Woodpecker (and 15 other species of woodpeckers), Red-breasted Parakeet, Green-billed Malkoha, Common Green Magpie, Long-tailed Broadbill, White-bellied Erpornis and White-rumped Needletail are just some of the special birds seen here. A hard copy of the checklist of birds of Pawalgarh is available in every homestay. The checklist of birds of Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve can be downloaded from here

120 species of butterflies have been recorded from Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve, with the expected checklist possibly exceeding 175 species. The Redspot, Common Ciliate Blue, Apefly and Giant Redeye, are species that were recorded for the first time in Kumaon/Uttarakhand from Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve. A hard copy of the checklist of butterflies of Pawalgarh is available in every homestay. The checklist of butterflies of Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve can be downloaded from here

More than 100 species of moths have been recorded from Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve. A hard copy of the checklist of moths of Pawalgarh is available in every homestay. The checklist of moths of Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve can be downloaded from here

Separate brochures for birds, butterflies and moths of Pawalgarh are available for sale for visitors @ Rs 100/brochure. Pawalgarh Prakrati Prahari will use proceeds from these brochures for conservation action.

 For more information 
Sanjay Sondhi,,
Titli Trust, Dehradun,
+91 9412052189

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

National Moth Week record sharing challenge 2018

We are celebrating National Moth Week 2018 currently. We would like to start a challenge to share interesting Moth records on social media and challenge your fellow Moth-rs to do the same. There are no strict rules as such but here is how it will work. 

  1. Person starting the challenge would post 10 moth records on social medial like Facebook, Twitter or Instagram etc.
  2. With any other information about the moth make sure to post date and place and link to the record on portal like Moths of India, iNaturalist, India Biodiversity Portal, Project Noah etc.
  3. Use #MothWeek2018 (and optionally #IndianMoths for Indian records)
  4. Challenge one person every day to do the same, in your post
  5. Anyone challenged more than once just add one more day to the posting per challenge. i.e. if I am challenged by three people, I will post my original 10 + 2 for the additional challenges.
Let the fun of Moth sharing begin.

Sunday, March 4, 2018

Biodiversity Meet, Nagaland 2018

Butterflies & moths, birds, odonates, spiders, amphibians & reptiles, cicadas and more…

Sukhai, Ghukhuyi & Kivikhu, Zunheboto District, Nagaland

Dates: 9th May to 16th May 2018

Costs: Rs.16,500/- per person (for Indian citizens), ex Dimapur, including food, stay vehicle hire on all days on first come, first served basis by transferring 50% of the contributory amount to the
bank account below:

Bank details:

Send your contributory amount to
Account name: TITLI
Bank name: State Bank of India
Address: Jakhan, Dehradun
Current account number: 31058150506
IFSC code: SBIN0006155

And email your deposit details to

Maximum capacity: 16 people

About the biodiversity meet

This Biodiversity Meet is being organised to learn and document the biodiversity of Sukhai, Ghukhuyi and Kivikhu villages in Zunheboto District, Nagaland. Pia Sethi and her team from the The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI) has been working in this landscape for the last three years. As an outcome of their efforts, the three villages above have voluntarily formed Community Conserved Areas (CCAs) in order to protect their forests and associated biodiversity. Since the beginning of 2017, Titli Trust has been supporting TERI to assess the area’s biodiversity, as well as to evaluate the opportunity to initiate nature-linked tourism as an incentive to conserve. More than 200 species of birds, 120 species of butterflies, 200 species of moths have already been documents with many endemics. At this point in time, there is no tourism infrastructure in this area, and the Biodiversity Meet participants will be staying in homes of villagers.

Meet organisers

The meeting is being organised on a voluntary basis by TERI, Titli Trust, DiversityIndia, NatureMates and Indian Foundation for Butterflies. All proceeds from the meet will go to the local communities.


  • Boarding at Sukhai, Ghukhuyi and Kivikhu villages.
  • 3 meals per day (breakfast, lunch & dinner). Non vegetarian meals are included.
  • Vehicle hire for the duration of the meet (4 people to a vehicle).
  • Arranging for ILP’s.
  • Local guides.


  • Personal expenses such as tips, phone bills, bottled water & bottled beverages.
  • Rail and/or airfare to and from Dimapur.
  • Insurance and medical claims.
  • Lunch on the last day.

Participants need to arrive at Dimapur airport on 9th May 2018 by 1230 hrs.
Participants will be dropped off at Dimapur airport on 16th May 2018 by 1100 hrs.


Village homes at Sukhai, Ghukhuyi and Kivikhu on a shared basis.

Visit day-to-day schedule:

  • 9th May 2018: Departure from Dimapur airport at 1300 hrs. 10 our drive to Sukhai.
  • 10, 11th May 2018: Sukhai village & surrounds. 11th May travel to Ghukhuyi (5 km, 20 minutes).
  • 12th, 13th May 2018: Ghukhuyi & surrounds. 13th May travel to Kivikhu (25 km, 1.5 hours)
  • 14, 15th May 2018: Kivikhu & surrounds. 15th May late afternoon travel to Wokha/Kohima.
  • 16th May 2018: travel to Dimapur

Schedule of activities (based on participants):

  • Brief about the area; interaction with the Sema tribe and their conservation plans.
  • Trails for butterfly, bird and other faunal group daily.
  • Moth/insect screens every night.
  • “Herp” walks at night.
  • Identification sessions for various species’ groups in the evening.
  • Upload of information on various NCBS/IFB websites.

Contacts for this Biodiversity meet:

  • Sanjay Sondhi, Titli Trust,, +91 9412052189
  • Pia Sethi, TERI,, +91 9811222321
  • Vijay Barve, DiversityIndia,, +91 9845724832  (What'sApp and Telegram)
  • Krushnamegh Kunte, IFoundButterflies,